Buddhist Tree: From the Narrative in Tipitaka to the Practical Use in Landscape Design (77922)

Session Information: Architecture and Urban Design Studies/Design
Session Chair: Sumanatsya Voharn

Saturday, 25 May 2024 11:25
Session: Session 2
Room: Room 705
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

Tree is a type of plant frequently used in landscape design. Bodhi tree is recognized as symbolic of Buddhism and has been planted in many Buddhist places. However, there are more trees related to Buddhism and also various usage of tree in the landscape of Buddhist place. This research, therefore, seeks to explore the relation between trees mentioned in Tipitaka and their usage in the landscape aiming to identify more options of tree usage in Buddhist place. Through the document research focusing on trees related to Buddha, especially the ones providing space underneath for sitting meditation, 33 trees have been found, e.g. Bodhi tree, Sal tree, Banyan tree, Indian oak, Milky tree, and Mango tree. This finding implies the benefit of tree for meditation. Following to the observation of trees in temples in Bangkok, Thailand, along with the analysis applying landscape approach, the use of Buddhist tree can be applied in 3 aspects: spiritual, functional, and environmental aspect. For spiritual aspect, tree can be sacred and used as symbol referring to Buddha or his dharma. In terms of physical function, tree can create outdoor room for various activities, provide shade space for sitting, and serve as visual element. And for Environmental aspect, tree can absorb pollution, support site irrigation, and enhance micro climate conditions, for example. It is suggested that all 33 trees found in Tipitaka are selected to appropriately plant in Buddhist place in order to create more meaningful and functional use of Buddhist tree in landscape design.

Onumpai Samkhuntod, Kasetsart University, Thailand
Natsiporn Sangyuan, Kasetsart University, Thailand

About the Presenter(s)
Dr Onumpai Samkhuntod is a University Assistant Professor/Lecturer at Kasetsart University in Thailand

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00