Preschoolers: Behavior Problems and Their Parenting Styles Experiences (79549)

Session Information: Education and Teacher Development
Session Chair: Mikio Brooks

Sunday, 26 May 2024 11:50
Session: Session 2
Room: Room 607
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

Children possess unique temperaments, and caregivers utilize various child-rearing methods. Behavioral outcomes are in turn influenced by the adopted parenting styles. In Thailand, amidst the global trend toward livable cities, parents retain legal authority to punish their children. This study aimed to investigate the association between parenting styles and child behavior problems in Thailand, a society that persists in beliefs about punishment measures for disciplining children.

The Thailand Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey 2019 (MICS6/2019) data were used to investigate the association between parenting styles and behavioral problems in a sample of 5,345 preschool children aged 3–4. This investigation utilized a probit regression model. Separate regressions were conducted for three behavioral problems, namely Inattention, Aggression, and Inability to get along.

The results indicated that children exhibited behavior problems, with the most prevalent problem being inattention and aggression. Three of five parenting styles were significantly associated with behavior problem outcomes, particularly aggression. Predicted probabilities showed a strong association between neglectful parenting styles and aggression compared to authoritative parenting style. Child and caregiver characteristics, book quantity, residential location, economic status, household structures, and ethnicity were significantly associated with two of three problems.

Conclusion: The influence of parenting styles on children's behavior is substantial; children victimized by any form of violence, particularly with neglectful parenting, are associated with an escalation in aggressive problem. Prioritizing the eradication of child abuse not only addresses the issue of child behavioral problems directly but also enhances the overall well-being of children.

Sansanee Sutthi, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand
Pataporn Sukontamarn, Chulalongkorn University, Thailand

About the Presenter(s)
Ms Sansanee Sutthi is a University Doctoral Student at Chulalongkorn University in Thailand

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00