Understanding the Socio-Economic Dynamics of Rural Households: Challenges Faced in the Adoption of Climate-Smart Agriculture Practices in India and Myanmar (80487)

Session Information: Community Development
Session Chair: Mary Ann Daclan

Saturday, 25 May 2024 11:25
Session: Session 2
Room: Room 604
Presentation Type: Oral Presentation

All presentation times are UTC + 9 (Asia/Tokyo)

Nowadays, climate change poses a growing threat to Asia, particularly impacting agriculture and prompting the exploration of adaptation strategies at the household level within farming communities. This study aims to enhance understanding of the socio-economic status of households and their adoption of climate-smart agricultural strategies for addressing climate change in Myanmar and India. Yamane's (1967) sampling technique was used to select one district and three villages from each country, with 130 households randomly selected and interviewed using a pre-tested schedule. Data collection methods included household questionnaire surveys, interviews with key informants, and focus groups. The results of the study show that the average age of households in Myanmar is 55, compared to 47 in India. In India, 17.6% of household heads were illiterate, while in Myanmar, only 1.5% of household heads were illiterate in the study area. Among small and marginal farmers, 82.3% are men in Myanmar, with an average farming experience of 36 years, while in India, 53.4% are men, and average farming experience is 28 years. Both groups of farmers primarily rely on rain-fed agriculture. Currently, these farmers are implementing climate change adaptation strategies, such as adjusting planting times and focusing on the livestock sector, to capitalize on socio-economic opportunities. However, the study reveals that the main obstacle for rural households in India and Myanmar is the limited availability of appropriate adaptation strategies. The need for climate-smart agriculture practices is crucial to address challenges and promote sustainable livelihood development in response to climate change impacts.

Kyawt Yin Min Thein, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India
Vivek Kumar, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India
V.M Chariar, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, India

About the Presenter(s)
Kyawt Yin Min Thein is a full-time PhD research scholar working on Climate Smart Agriculture at the Centre for Rural Development and Technology (CRDT), IIT, Delhi since July 2021.

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Posted by Clive Staples Lewis

Last updated: 2023-02-23 23:45:00